- 138 Downloads
Addictive behaviors (AB) are a cluster of persistent compulsive behaviors which people feel an uncontrolled urge to perform, without which they fear experiencing loss of control or a very negative outcome. The American Psychiatric Association defines substance dependence as: “When an individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed. Compulsive and repetitive use may result in tolerance to the effect of the drug and withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped. This, along with Substance Abuse are considered Substance Use Disorders….” (DSM-IV & DSM-IV-TR: Substance Dependence).
365体育网站AB include smoking, ingesting street and medical drugs, alcohol consumption, or even other normally healthy activities such as sports, among other behaviors. There is often comorbidity between AB and mental health problems. In the AB, there is a repetitive form of behavior...
References and Further Readings
- Goldstein, R. Z., Tomasi, D., Alia-Klein, N., Honorio Carrillo, J., Maloney, T., Woicik, P. A., Wang, R., Telang, F., & Volkow, N. D. (2009). Dopaminergic response to drug words in cocaine addiction. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 6001–6006.
- Hasin, D. S., Stinson, F. S., Ogburn, E., & Grant, B. F. (2007). Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in the United States: Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 830–842.
- Lusher, J., Chandler, C., & Ball, D. (2004). Alcohol dependence and the alcohol Stroop paradigm: Evidence and issues. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 75, 225–231.
- Veenstra, M. Y., Lemmens, P. H., Friesema, I. H., Garretsen, H. F., Knottnerus, J. A., & Zwietering, P. J. (2006). A literature overview of the relationship between life-events and alcohol use in the general population. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 41, 455–463.