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Alcohol consumption, as the term is used in clinical and research applications, refers to the act of ingesting – typically orally – a beverage containing ethanol. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol (CH3CH2365体育网站OH) is the only type of alcohol that is safe for human consumption. Other types of alcohol, such as isopropyl and methyl alcohol, are toxic and potentially lethal. Alcoholic beverages that are typically consumed may include beer, wine, distilled spirits, and beverages that contain combinations of these or other additives, including malt liquor, fortified wine, liqueur, and cordials. In certain populations, nonbeverage alcohol (e.g., hand sanitizer, vanilla extract, cooking wine) may also be consumed.
Relevance to Behavioral Medicine
365体育网站Alcohol consumption is an important construct in behavioral medicine because alcohol is a psychoactive substance that affects the body in various ways. In addition to its acute effects, it can have longer-term...
KeywordsAlcohol Consumption Behavioral Medicine Standard Drink Blood Alcohol Level Distil Spirit
References and Further Readings
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- Denning, P., & Little, J. (2012). Practicing harm reduction psychotherapy: An alternative approach to addictions (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
- Dodgen, C. E., & Shea, W. M. (2000). Clinical pharmacology and clinical epidemiology of psychoactive substances. In Substance use disorders: Assessment and treatment (pp. 1–28). San Diego: Academic.
- Edwards, G. (2000). Alcohol: The world’s favorite drug. London: Penguin.
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- Gately, I. (2008). Drink: A cultural history of alcohol. New York: Gotham Books.
- International Center for Alcohol Policies. (2003). ICAP reports 14: International drinking guidelines. Washington, DC: International Center for Alcohol Policies.
- Klingemann, H. K.-H., Sobell, M. B., & Sobell, L. C. (2010). Continuities and changes in self-change research. Addiction, 105, 1510–1518. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02770.x.
- Martin, A. L. (2006). Drinking and alehouses in the diary of an English mercer’s apprentice, 1663–1674. In M. P. Holt (Ed.), Alcohol: A social and cultural history (pp. 93–106). Oxford: Berg.
- Mayfield, D., McLeod, G., & Hall, P. (1974). CAGE questionnaire: Validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 1121–1123.
- Molamu, L., & Macdonald, D. (1996). Alcohol abuse among the Basarwa of the Kgalagadi and Ghanzi districts of Botswana. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 3, 145–152.
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- National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. (2005). Helping patients who drink too much: A clinician’s guide updated (2005th ed.). Bethesda: National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse.
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- US Department of Agriculture, & US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Dietary guidelines for Americans, 2010 (7th ed.). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
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- WHO. (1990). Composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). Geneva: WHO.
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- Winger, G., Woods, J. H., & Hofmann, F. G. (2004). Depressants of the central nervous system: Alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines. In G. Winger, J. H. Woods, & F. G. Hofmann (Eds.), A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse: The biomedical aspects (4th ed., pp. 55–80). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Zakhari, S. (2006). Overview: How is alcohol metabolized by the body? Alcohol Research & Health, 29, 245–254.