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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Alcohol Consumption

  • Susan E. CollinsEmail author
  • Megan KirouacEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_626-2
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Synonyms

Definition

Alcohol consumption, as the term is used in clinical and research applications, refers to the act of ingesting – typically orally – a beverage containing ethanol. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol (CH3CH2365体育网站OH) is the only type of alcohol that is safe for human consumption. Other types of alcohol, such as isopropyl and methyl alcohol, are toxic and potentially lethal. Alcoholic beverages that are typically consumed may include beer, wine, distilled spirits, and beverages that contain combinations of these or other additives, including malt liquor, fortified wine, liqueur, and cordials. In certain populations, nonbeverage alcohol (e.g., hand sanitizer, vanilla extract, cooking wine) may also be consumed.

Description

Relevance to Behavioral Medicine

365体育网站Alcohol consumption is an important construct in behavioral medicine because alcohol is a psychoactive substance that affects the body in various ways. In addition to its acute effects, it can have longer-term...

Keywords

Alcohol Consumption Behavioral Medicine Standard Drink Blood Alcohol Level Distil Spirit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References and Further Readings

  1. Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (1991). The alcohol use disorders identification test: Guidelines for use in primary care (2nd ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization.
  2. Blocker, J. S. (2006). Kaleidoscope in motion: Drinking in the United States, 1400–2000. In M. P. Holt (Ed.), Alcohol: A social and cultural history (pp. 225–240). Oxford: Berg.
  3. Denning, P., & Little, J. (2012). Practicing harm reduction psychotherapy: An alternative approach to addictions (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
  4. Dodgen, C. E., & Shea, W. M. (2000). Clinical pharmacology and clinical epidemiology of psychoactive substances. In Substance use disorders: Assessment and treatment (pp. 1–28). San Diego: Academic.
  5. Edwards, G. (2000). Alcohol: The world’s favorite drug. London: Penguin.
  6. First, M. B., Williams, J. B. W., Karg, R. S., & Spitzer, R. L. (2015). Structured clinical interview for DSM-5, research version (SCID-5 for DSM-5, research version; SCID-5-RV). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.
  7. Gately, I. (2008). Drink: A cultural history of alcohol. New York: Gotham Books.
  8. International Center for Alcohol Policies. (2003). ICAP reports 14: International drinking guidelines. Washington, DC: International Center for Alcohol Policies.
  9. Klingemann, H. K.-H., Sobell, M. B., & Sobell, L. C. (2010). Continuities and changes in self-change research. Addiction, 105, 1510–1518. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02770.x.
  10. Martin, A. L. (2006). Drinking and alehouses in the diary of an English mercer’s apprentice, 1663–1674. In M. P. Holt (Ed.), Alcohol: A social and cultural history (pp. 93–106). Oxford: Berg.
  11. Mayfield, D., McLeod, G., & Hall, P. (1974). CAGE questionnaire: Validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 1121–1123.
  12. Molamu, L., & Macdonald, D. (1996). Alcohol abuse among the Basarwa of the Kgalagadi and Ghanzi districts of Botswana. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 3, 145–152.
  13. Morean, M. E., & Corbin, W. R. (2009). Subjective response to alcohol: A critical review of the literature. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 34, 385–395. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01103.x.
  14. National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. (2005). Helping patients who drink too much: A clinician’s guide updated (2005th ed.). Bethesda: National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse.
  15. Nestler, E. J., & Self, D. W. (2010). Neuropsychiatric aspects of ethanol and other chemical dependencies. In S. C. Yudofsky & R. E. Hales (Eds.), Essentials of neuropsychiatry and behavioral neurosciences (2nd ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  16. Pandina, R. J., & Johnson, V. L. (2005). Lifespan development and drugs. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.), Addiction counseling review: Preparing for comprehensive, certification and licensing (pp. 105–128). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  17. Schuckit, M. A., & Smith, T. L. (2000). The relationships of a family history of alcohol dependence, a low level of response to alcohol and six domains of life functioning to the development of alcohol use disorders. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 827–835.
  18. Selzer, M. L. (1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST): The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653–1658.
  19. Shuckit, M. A. (2000). Drug and alcohol abuse: A clinical guide to diagnosis and treatment (5th ed.). New York: Kluwer/Plenum.
  20. Sobell, L. C., & Sobell, M. B. (1992). Timeline followback: A technique for assessing self-reported ethanol consumption. In J. Allen & R. Z. Litten (Eds.), Measuring alcohol consumption: Psychosocial and biological methods (pp. 41–72). Totowa: Humana Press.
  21. US Department of Agriculture, & US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Dietary guidelines for Americans, 2010 (7th ed.). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
  22. Warner, E. A., & Sharma, N. (2009). Laboratory diagnosis. In R. K. Ries, S. C. Miller, D. A. Fiellin, & R. Saitz (Eds.), Principles of addiction medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  23. WHO. (1990). Composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). Geneva: WHO.
  24. WHO. (2014). Global status report on alcohol 2014. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from .
  25. Winger, G., Woods, J. H., & Hofmann, F. G. (2004). Depressants of the central nervous system: Alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines. In G. Winger, J. H. Woods, & F. G. Hofmann (Eds.), A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse: The biomedical aspects (4th ed., pp. 55–80). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  26. Zakhari, S. (2006). Overview: How is alcohol metabolized by the body? Alcohol Research & Health, 29, 245–254.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Washington, Harborview Medical CenterSeattleUSA