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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Actigraphy (Wrist, for Measuring Rest/Activity Patterns and Sleep)

  • Christopher E. KlineEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_782-2
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Synonyms

Definition

Actigraphy is a method of objective sleep assessment in which sleep/wake status is estimated from bodily movement, typically of the wrist.

Description

Background and Use

365体育网站As an alternative to laboratory polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy involves the use of an accelerometer to estimate sleep/wake status. Although initially developed in the 1970s, there has been an exponential increase in the use and development of actigraphy over the past 20 years. Due to technological developments, actigraphs are now unobtrusive (similar in size, look, and feel to a wrist watch) and inexpensive, capable of collecting data for multiple weeks, and able to provide rapid feedback on sleep patterns due to automated software algorithms. Many actigraphs now record ambient light exposure and have the ability to mark the timing of specific events (e.g., bedtime). Some devices, including many commercial-based devices, now record additional...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Ancoli-Israel, S., Martin, J. L., Blackwell, T., Buenaver, L., Liu, L., Meltzer, L. J., Sadeh, A., Spira, A. P., & Taylor, D. J. (2015). The SBSM guide to actigraphy monitoring: Clinical and research applications. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 13, S4–S38.
  2. Calogiuri, G., Weydahl, A., & Carandente, F. (2013). Methodological issues for studying the rest-activity cycle and sleep disturbances: A chronobiological approach using actigraphy data. Biological Research for Nursing, 15, 5–12.
  3. Conley, S., Knies, A., Batten, J., Ash, G., Miner, B., Hwang, Y., Jeon, S., & Redeker, N. S. (2019). Agreement between actigraphic and polysomnographic measures of sleep in adults with and without chronic conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 46, 151–160.
  4. de Zambotti, M., Cellini, N., Goldstone, A., Colrain, I. M., & Baker, F. C. (2019). Wearable sleep technology in clinical and research settings. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 51, 1538–1557.
  5. Patel, S. R., Weng, J., Rueschman, M., Dudley, K. A., Loredo, J. S., Mossavar-Rahmani, Y., Ramirez, M., Ramos, A. R., Reid, K., Seiger, A. N., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Zee, P. C., & Wang, R. (2015). Reproducibility of a standardized actigraphy scoring algorithm for sleep in a US Hispanic/Latino population. Sleep, 38, 1497–1503.
  6. Rosenberger, M. E., Fulton, J. E., Buman, M. P., Troiano, R. P., Grandner, M. A., Buchner, D. M., & Haskell, W. L. (2019). The 24-hour activity cycle: A new paradigm for physical activity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 51, 454–464.
  7. Sadeh, A. (2011). The role and validity of actigraphy in sleep medicine: An update. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 15, 259–267.
  8. Smith, M. T., McCrae, C. S., Cheung, J., Martin, J. L., Harrod, C. G., Heald, J. L., & Carden, K. A. (2018). Use of actigraphy for the evaluation of sleep disorders and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders: An American Academy of sleep medicine clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 14, 1231–1237.
  9. Stone, K. L., & Ancoli-Israel, S. (2017). Actigraphy. In M. H. Kryger, T. Roth, & W. C. Dement (Eds.), Principles and practice of sleep medicine (6th ed., pp. 1671–1678). Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health and Physical ActivityUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Martica H. Hall
    • 1
  • Michele L. Okun
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.BioFrontiers CenterUniversity of Colorado Colorado SpringsColorado SpringsUSA