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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Activity Level

  • Patrícia Cardoso BuchainEmail author
  • Adriana Dias Barbosa Vizzotto
  • Alexandra Martini de Oliveira
  • Tania C. T. Ferraz Alves
  • Quirino Cordeiro
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_868-2
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Synonyms

Definition

The level of activity is related to the complexity of the skills that demands and has an impact on an individual’s occupational performances. This term is related to several characteristics that might influence the type and amount of effort required from the individual to perform a specific activity, task, or occupation. The term “activity level” is of great importance when designing occupational therapy interventions.

Description

When describing a person’s activity level of daily living, it is possible to use the terms occupation and activity synonymously. However, these terms are not fully interchangeable as they describe two different aspects of the same function (Christiansen and Townsend 2004; Hinojosa and Kramer 1997365体育网站). Occupation is the “active process of living: from the beginning to the end of life, occupations are all the active processes of looking after ourselves and others, enjoying life, and being socially and economically productive...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Baum, C. M. (1995). The contribution of occupation to function in persons with Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Occupational Science: Australia, 2(2), 59–67.
  2. Baum, C. M., & Edwards, D. F. (1993). Cognitive performance in senile dementia of the Alzheimer’s type: The kitchen task – American assessment. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 47(5), 431–436.
  3. Blesedell, C. E., Cohn, E. S., & Boyt, S. A. (2008). Willard and Spackman’s occupational therapy (11th ed.). Boston: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  4. Christiansen, C. H., & Townsend, E. A. (Eds.). (2004). Introduction to occupation: The art and science of living. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
  5. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1988). A theoretical model for enjoyment. Beyond boredom and anxiety (pp. 1–231). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  6. Fillenbaum, G. G., Dellinger, D., Maddox, G., & Pfieffer, E. (1978). Assessment of individual functional status in a program evaluation and resource allocation model. In Multidimensional functional assessment: The OARS methodology (2nd ed.). Durham: Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University.
  7. Hinojosa, J., & Kramer, P. (1997). Fundamental concepts of occupational therapy: Occupation, purposeful activity, and function (statement). The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 51(10), 864–866.
  8. Jefferson, A. L., Robert, H. P., Ozonoff, A., & Cohen, R. A. (2006). Evaluating elements of executive functioning as predictors of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21(2006), 311–332.
  9. Kielhofner, G. (2004). Terapia ocupacional: modelo de ocupación humana: teoría y aplicación. Ed. Médica Panamericana
  10. Kielhofner, G., Mallinson, T., Crawford, C., Nowak, M., Rigy, M. Henry, A., et al., (2008). Occupational performance history interview II (OPHI-II) Version 2.1. In: Kielhofner, G. The model of human occupation: Theory and application. Philadelphia: Lippincot, Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved July 05, 2011, .
  11. Pool, J. (2008). The pool activity level (PAL) instrument for occupational profiling (pp. 1–173). Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.
  12. Rivlin, A. M., & Wiener, J. M. (1988). Caring for the disabled elderly: Who will pay? (pp. 1–318). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
  13. Söderback, I. (1988). Intellectual function training and intellectual housework training in patients with acquired brain damage. A study of occupational therapy methods. (Dissertation from Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd Hospital; The Department of Social Care and Rehabilitation, Stockholm College of Health and Caring Sciences; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Karolinska Institute: Stockholm 1988) (pp 1–55).
  14. Söderback, I. (Ed.). (2009). International handbook of occupational therapy interventions (pp. 1–553). Dordrecht/London: Springer.
  15. Spector, W. D., Katz, S., Murphy, J. B., & Fulton, J. P. (1987). The hierarchical relationship between activities of daily living and instrumental abilities. Journal of Chronic Diseases, 40(6), 481–489.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrícia Cardoso Buchain
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adriana Dias Barbosa Vizzotto
    • 1
  • Alexandra Martini de Oliveira
    • 2
  • Tania C. T. Ferraz Alves
    • 3
  • Quirino Cordeiro
    • 4
  1. 1.Occupational Therapist of the Occupational Therapy Service, Institute of PsychiatryHospital das Clínicas University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Psychiatry – Hospital das Clínicas University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department and Institute of PsychiatryUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Psychological MedicineSanta Casa Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil