Adaptation in Archaeology
- 168 Downloads
The theory of evolution is inherently attractive for archaeologists, who are concerned with the long-term history of humankind (Dunnell 1980). Changes through time during the long process of hominization are, by definition, adaptive. Adaptation is clearly one basic constituent of evolution. For that reason, the concept of adaptation – including the capacity for a cultural system to adjust to changes – is important in many approaches, particularly in ecologically oriented archaeology and, more recently, in evolutionary archaeology.
Basically, adaptation refers to “the idea that organisms are fitted for the particular environments in which they live” (Alexander 1962: 826) or more directly to the “conformity between the organism and its environment” (Pianka 1983: 85).
365体育网站It is accepted that an...
- Alexander, G. 1962. General biology. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.
- Bird, D.W., and J.F. O’Connell. 2006. Behavioral ecology and archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Research 14: 143–188.
- Boone, J., and E.A. Smith. 1998. Is it evolution yet? A critique of evolutionary archaeology. Current Anthropology 39: 141–173.
- Dunnell, R.C. 1980. Evolutionary theory and archaeology. In Advances in archaeological method and theory, ed. M. Schiffer, vol. 3, 35–99. New York: Academic.
- Gould, S.J. 2002. The structure of evolutionary theory. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
- Kelly, R.L. 1995. The foraging spectrum. Diversity in hunter-gatherer lifeways. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
- Kirch, P.V. 1980. The archaeological study of adaptation: Theoretical and methodological issues. In Advances in archaeological method and theory, ed. M. Schiffer, vol. 3, 101–156. New York: Academic.
- Kirch, P.V. 2010. Peopling of the Pacific: A holistic anthropological perspective. Annual Review of Anthropology 39: 131–148.
- Leonard, R.D., and G.T. Jones. 1987. Elements of an inclusive evolutionary model for archaeology. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6: 199–219.
- Neff, H. 1992. Ceramics and evolution. In Archaeological method and theory, ed. M. Schiffer, vol. 4, 141–193. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
- O’Brien, M.J. 1987. Sedentism, population growth, and resource selection in the Woodland midwest: A review of coevolutionary developments. Current Anthropology 28: 177–197.
- O’Brien, M.J., and T.D. Holland. 1992. The role of adaptation in archaeological explanation. American Antiquity 57: 36–59.
- O’Brien, M.J., R.L. Lyman, and R.D. Leonard. 1998. Basic incompatibilities between evolutionary and behavioral archaeology. American Antiquity 63: 485–498.
- Pianka, E.R. 1983. Evolutionary ecology. 3rd ed. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.
- Prentiss, A.M., J.C. Chatters, and I. Kuijt. 2009. Macroevolution in human prehistory. New York: Springer.
- Scheinsohn, V. 2011. Adeptos a la adaptación: tres propuestas clásicas para la arqueología y una evaluación. Antipoda. Revista de Antropología Arqueológica 13: 55–73.
- Schiffer, M.B. 1996. Some relationships between behavioral and evolutionary archaeologies. American Antiquity 61: 643–662.
- Steward, J. 1955. Theory of culture change. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
- Van Pool, T.L. 2002. Adaptation. In Darwin and archaeology, ed. J.P. Hart and J.E. Terrell, 15–28. Westport: Bergin & Garvey.
- Vrba, E., and N. Eldredge. 1984. Individuals, hierarchies, and processes: Towards a more complete evolutionary theory. Paleobiology 10: 146–171.
- White, L. 1949. The science of culture: A study of man and civilization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.