Abu Hureyra: Agriculture and Domestication
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The prehistoric settlement of Abu Hureyra (35° 52′ N, 38° 24′ E) was located on the edge of the valley of the Euphrates River in northern Syria. It was a very large (11.5 ha) mound composed of two superimposed villages, Abu Hureyra 1 (c. 13,500–11,500 CalB.P.) and Abu Hureyra 2 (c. 10,600–7500 CalB.P.), linked by an intermediate episode of occupation (c. 11,500–10,600 CalB.P.) (Moore et al. 2000: Fig. 14.1). The site was thus continuously inhabited for 6000 years. Culturally, Abu Hureyra 1 had late Epipalaeolithic affinities, while the Intermediate Period and Abu Hureyra 2 fell within the Neolithic of Western Asia.
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