Zero Hunger

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Deforestation in Africa: Implications on Food and Nutritional Security

  • Paxie W. ChirwaEmail author
  • Opeyemi Adeyemi
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69626-3_62-1


A widely accepted definition of deforestation as stated by the Global Forest Resources Assessment is “the conversion of forest to other land use or the permanent reduction of the tree canopy cover below the minimum 10% threshold” (FAO 2015). Similarly, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in the Marrakech Accords agreement defines deforestation as “the direct human-induced conversion of forested land to non-forested land” (UNFCCC 2002).


The rate of forest loss continues at an alarming rate globally, especially within the past decade (Heino et al. 2015365体育网站). According to the Global Forest Resources Assessment (2015), the world’s forests which were 4,128 million hectares in 1990 had reduced to 3,999 million hectares by 2015. This means that between 1990 and 2015, there was a net loss of 129 million hectares, equivalent to the size of South Africa. The same significant rate of forest loss is recorded in Africa, especially in sub-Saharan...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Postgraduate Science Programme, Department of Plant & Soil Sciences, University of PretoriaHatfield, PretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Wood TechnologyFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Onguso Oeba

There are no affiliations available