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Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Access to Public Transportation for Older Adults

  • Wendell C. WallaceEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_207-1
  • 178 Downloads

Synonyms

Definition

There is no one universally accepted definition for the term “public transportation” in the academic literature. For example, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2017) defines public transportation as a system of transportation which includes a variety of transit options such as buses, light rail, and subways that are available to the general public, may require a fare, and run at scheduled times. On the other hand, Resolution 70/1 of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (2015) defines public transportation as a shared passenger transport service that is available to the general public. To add to this definitional conundrum, public transportation is also referred to as public transport, mass transit, and public transit.

The UN submits that public transportation includes cars, buses, trolleys, trams, trains, subways, and ferries that are shared by strangers without...

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References

  1. Beverly Foundation (2008) Giving up the keys (Beverly foundation fact sheet series). The Beverly Foundation Pasadena, CA
  2. Bhat CR, Guo JY, Sen S et al (2005) Measuring access to public transportation services: review of customer-oriented transit performance measures and methods of transit submarket identification. Center for Transportation Research, The University of Texas, Austin
  3. Bhatt A, Menon R, Khan A (2015) Women’s safety in public transport – a pilot initiative in Bhopal. WRI, India. . Accessed 17 Jan 2019
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  11. National Center on Senior Transportation (2008) Tips and facts. Accessed 18 Dec 2018
  12. Ohnmacht T, Maksim H, Bergman MM (eds) (2009) Mobilities and inequality. Ashgate, Aldershot
  13. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2017) The University of Wisconsin population health institute. Public transportation: system introduction or expansion. County Health Rankings & Roadmaps Public transportation systems. . Accessed 30 Oct 2018.
  14. Saghapour T, Moridpour S, Thompson RG (2016) Modeling access to public transport in urban areas. J Adv Transp 50(8):1785–1801.  
  15. Titheridge H, Christie N, Mackett R et al (2014) Transport and poverty: a review of the evidence. (UCLTI Publications). UCL Transport Institute, University College London, London, . Accessed 20 Jan 2019
  16. United Nations (2015) Transforming our World: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Resolution 70/1 of the General Assembly of the United Nations. . Accessed 18 Dec 2018
  17. Wallace R, Hughes-Cromwick P, Mull H (2005) Access to health care and nonemergency medical transportation: two missing links. J Transp Res Board 1924:76–84.  

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice, Department of Behavioural SciencesThe University of the West IndiesSt. AugustineTrinidad and Tobago

Section editors and affiliations

  • Magdalena Klimczuk-Kochańska
    • 1
  • Andrzej Klimczuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of ManagementUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherBialystokPoland