Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Affect Regulation

  • Joshua Kin-man NanEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_857-1



Affect, or affective state, is a psychophysiological construct that includes three underlying dimensions: (i) valence, the positive-to-negative evaluation; (ii) motivational intensity, the push/pull urge from a stimulus; and (iii) physiological arousal, the level of activation of the sympathetic nervous system (Harmon-Jones et al. 2013).

Affect regulation, or emotion regulation (ER), is defined as strategic and automatic processes that modify the frequency, intensity, duration, and expression of an affective response (Gross 2014). These two terms are interchangeably used, despite the definition of emotion regulation is inconclusive (Siener and Kerns 2012). According to Gross and Jazaieri (2014), affect regulation can be either implicit in regulating one’s own affect or explicit in regulating others’ affect. Emotional regulation strategies are categorized into adaptive and maladaptive, based on individual differences and...

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© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hong Kong Baptist UniversityHong KongChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rainbow T. H. Ho
    • 1
  1. 1.Hong KongChina