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Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher K. Starr

Cardiocondyla: Heart Node Ants

  • Jan OettlerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_19-1
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Cardiocondyla is an Old World genus of myrmicine ants with a broad distribution. At present 48 species are described, with an estimated total of more than 100 species around the world [13]. The common name comes from the heart-shaped post-petiole in most species, which is much broader than the petiole. Cardiocondyla are small ants (1.5–3 mm worker body length) and have a three-segmented antennal club, propodeal spines, and a slender, elegant body shape. Cardiocondyla is believed to have originated somewhere in the Indomalayan or the Australasian region [3]. Dating its origin is problematic because of its uncertain phylogenetic position within the myrmicine clade Crematogastrini but is estimated to be around 50mya [15].

Cardiocondyla typically have small colonies of a few dozen to a few hundred workers. The large majority of species nests in the soil, while several species of the C. argenteaclade (provisional name, currently under investigation by B. Seifert) nest under rocks or in...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Zoology/Evolutionary BiologyUniversity RegensburgRegensburgGermany