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Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher K. Starr

African Honey Bees

  • Christian Walter Werner PirkEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_2-1
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African honey bees are those subspecies of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, that occur naturally on the African continent and some of the nearby islands. Forms of the same species also occur naturally in Europe. It should be noted that these boundaries are no longer entirely diagnostic, as European forms have been introduced into all inhabitable continents for purposes of apiculture [6], while one African form is now widespread in the New World tropics. This complication aside, A. mellifera has radiated into four major lineages: African (A, the subject of this entry), west European (M), southeast European (C), and Eastern (O) [1, 10]. Lineage A also has some natural presence outside the African continent; these lineages are not strictly restricted to particular geographic regions as one can see from the influence of the A lineage within the Mediterranean region (see Box 1 in 8).

The African lineage is made up of 11 subspecies [ 1] (Fig. 1): A. m. intermissain the Atlas Mountains...
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References

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    Shaibi, T., Fuchs, F., & Moritz, R. F. A. (2009). Morphological study of honeybees (Apis mellifera) from Libya. Apidologie, 40, 97–105.  .
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Insects Research Group (SIRG), Department of Zoology & EntomologyUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa