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Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher K. Starr

Aneuretus simoni

  • R. K. Sriyani DiasEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_6-1
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Aneuretus simoni, commonly known as the Sri Lankan Relict Ant, is the only known extant member of the subfamily Aneuretinae. Several other genera are described from Tertiary fossils found in Baltic amber, Russia and the USA, indicating a previous much wider distribution and diversity [11].

Physical Features

In major and minor workers, body color varies from light yellow to medium yellowish orange. Antennae 12-segmented. Clypeus broad and flat. Three segmented maxillary palp and four segmented labial palp present. Mandibles triangular, with three prominent teeth and several denticles; their size gradually decreases from apex to the base. A pair of spike-like, posterior, propodeal spines taper abruptly towards the tips. Anterior peduncle of the petiole is long and slender, somewhat narrowed towards its anterior attachment. The petiolar node is well differentiated from the anterior peduncle by dorsal and lateral swellings. Sting at the tip of the gaster is well developed and sclerotized....

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References

  1. 1.
    Billen, J. (2017). The exocrine system of Aneuretus simoni (Formicidae, Aneuretinae). Asian Myrmecology, 9, 1–16.
  2. 2.
    Dias, R. K. S. (2014a). Aneuretus simoni Emery occurrence and the ant community observed by multiple methods and repeated sampling in “Pompekelle”, Sri Lanka. International Journal of Entomological Research, 2, 181–186.
  3. 3.
    Dias, R. K. S. (2014b). Ants of Sri Lanka. Colombo: Biodiversity Secretariat of Ministry of Environment and Renewable Resources. 273.
  4. 4.
    Dias, R. K. S., & Udayakantha, W. S. (2016a). Discovery of the Sri Lankan Relict Ant, Aneuretus simoni Emery (Formicidae, Aneuretinae) and the nest density of the species in a selected region of Meethirigala Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka. Asian Myrmecology, 8, 1–8.
  5. 5.
    Dias, R. K. S., & Udayakantha, W. S. (2016b). Nest density and other observations on a population of Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893 (Formicidae, Aneuretinae) and other ants in Indikada Mukalana Forest Reserve in Sri Lanka. Journal of Insect Biodiversity, 4(12), 1–9.
  6. 6.
    Jayasuriya, A. K., & Traniello, J. F. A. (1985). The biology of primitive ant Aneuretus simoni Emery (Formicidae: Aneuretinae) I, distribution, abundance, colony structure and foraging ecology. Insectes Sociaux, Paris, 32, 363–374.
  7. 7.
    Perera, K. A. M., Dias, R. K. S., & Yamane, S. (2006). The first record of Aneuretus simoni Emery (Sri Lankan Relict ant) from Sinharaja Forest and its relative abundance estimated by several sampling methods. Proceedings of the Annual Sessions of Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science, 62, 74.
  8. 8.
    Traniello, J. F. A., & Jayasuriya, A. K. (1981). Chemical communication in the primitive ant Aneuretus simoni: The role of the sternal and pygidial glands. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 7, 1023.
  9. 9.
    Udayakantha, W. S., & Dias, R. K. S. (2017). Life history of Sri Lankan relict ant, Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893 (Formicidae, Aneuretinae) under laboratory conditions. In Proceedings of the international conference in zoological sciences. Patiala: University of Punjabi, 53.
  10. 10.
    Udayakantha, W. S., & Dias, R. K. S. (2019). Nest density dynamics and worker occurrence of Aneuretus simoni Emery, 1893 (Formicidae: Aneuretinae) and associated ant taxa in a Forest Reserve in Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin, 15 (1), 177–185.
  11. 11.
    Wilson, E. O., Eisner, T., Wheeler, G. C., & Wheeler, J. (1956). Aneuretus simoni Emery, a major link in ant evolution. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 115, 81–105.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Environmental ManagementUniversity of KelaniyaKelaniyaSri Lanka