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Aneuretus simoni, commonly known as the Sri Lankan Relict Ant, is the only known extant member of the subfamily Aneuretinae. Several other genera are described from Tertiary fossils found in Baltic amber, Russia and the USA, indicating a previous much wider distribution and diversity .
In major and minor workers, body color varies from light yellow to medium yellowish orange. Antennae 12-segmented. Clypeus broad and flat. Three segmented maxillary palp and four segmented labial palp present. Mandibles triangular, with three prominent teeth and several denticles; their size gradually decreases from apex to the base. A pair of spike-like, posterior, propodeal spines taper abruptly towards the tips. Anterior peduncle of the petiole is long and slender, somewhat narrowed towards its anterior attachment. The petiolar node is well differentiated from the anterior peduncle by dorsal and lateral swellings. Sting at the tip of the gaster is well developed and sclerotized....
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