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Terrorismus und US-Sicherheitspolitik

  • Lars BergerEmail author
Living reference work entry
  • 79 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

365体育网站Die Bedrohung durch terroristische Gewalt war im ersten Jahrzehnt des 21. Jahrhunderts von zentraler Bedeutung für die USA. Die katastrophalen Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 zwangen die politischen Eliten zu der Erkenntnis, dass althergebrachte Strukturen und Strategien nur bedingt eine Antwort lieferten auf die sich seit dem Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts verändernden Herausforderungen an die nationale Sicherheit der USA. Dies hatte auf institutioneller Ebene eine Reihe von Reformen zur Folge, deren Ziel es war, die Aufgabenstellung bestehender Institutionen neu zu justieren, besser zu koordinieren oder wie im Falle des Heimatschutzministeriums gänzlich neue Institutionen zu schaffen. In der Formulierung konkreter Strategien zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus mussten Entscheidungsträger dabei die Spannungen zwischen Bürgerrechten und Sicherheit im Inneren, internationalem Recht und nationaler Sicherheit im Äußeren sowie zwischen offensiven und defensiven Maßnahmen ausbalancieren.

Schlüsselwörter

Homeland Security nationale Sicherheit Terrorismus war on terror Sicherheitspolitik 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeedsLeedsUnited Kingdom

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