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Soziale Integration

Interethnische Freund- und Partnerschaften und ihre Determinanten
  • Sarah CarolEmail author
  • Lars Leszczensky
Living reference work entry

Zusammenfassung

Soziale Integration bezeichnet den Abbau von Gruppengrenzen in Form persönlicher Kontakte wie Freundschaften oder Partnerschaften. Heiraten werden dabei als stärkster Indikator sozialer Integration angesehen, da sie die intimste Kontaktform darstellen. Soziale Integration wird darüber hinaus als bedeutsam für andere Dimensionen von Integration erachtet, z. B. strukturelle Integration im Bildungssystem oder auf dem Arbeitsmarkt. Der vorliegende Beitrag definiert soziale Integration zunächst und benennt dann zentrale Ansätze zur Erklärung der Entstehung interethnischer Kontakte. Im Vordergrund stehen viererlei Determinanten: Opportunitäten, Präferenzen in Form von Homophilie, dritte Parteien und Freunde als Mittler für die Entstehung neuer Freundschaften. Ausgehend von einer Erläuterung dieser Determinanten, legen wir den aktuellen Stand der Forschung zu interethnischen Freundschaften und Ehen dar.

Schlüsselwörter

Soziale Integration Freundschaften Heiraten Partnerschaften Opportunitäten Homophilie 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of SociologyUniversity College DublinDublinIreland
  2. 2.MZESUniversität MannheimMannheimDeutschland

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